2

A multifactorial account of differential agent marking in Herodotus

Passive agents in ancient Greek exhibit a well-known alternation between dative case and prepositional phrase. It has long been recognized that grammatical aspect plays a crucial role in this alternation: dative agents preponderate among aspectually …

Indo-European phylogenetics with R

The last twenty or so years have witnessed a dramatic increase in the use of computational methods for inferring linguistic phylogenies. Although the results of this research have been controversial, the methods themselves are an undeniable boon for …

Homeric -phi(n) is an oblique case marker

The synchronic distribution and diachronic trajectory of Homeric -phi(n) have been the source of long-standing debate, with the result that scholarly opinion has yet to settle on a consensus regarding the morphosyntax of forms realized by this …

Language change and linguistic theory

Many archaic Indo‐European languages exhibit a system of dual conjunction in which they possess both a head‐initial exponent (e.g., Latin et) and an enclitic exponent (e.g., Latin ⸗que). Mitrović (2014) and Mitrović & Sauerland (2016) argue that …

Variation versus change: Clausal clitics between Homer and Herodotus

Enclitic distribution in Greek (and archaic Indo-European generally) is governed by a set of generalizations known as Wackernagel’s Law, according to which enclitics occur in “second position.” As has long been known, surface …

Object agreement in Lycian

Iterated modal marking and polarity focus in ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek particle an, which encodes modal and irrealis semantics, canonically occurs once per clause. In the fifth century BCE, however, we find cases where two tokens (or, more rarely, three) co‐occur with the same verb. While this …

Wackernagel’s law and the fall of the Lydian empire

This paper offers a novel reading of the Delphic oracle’s response to Croesus’s question of whether he should attack Persia (Herodotus 1), by focusing on a previously unacknowledged feature of the oracular answer: the preposing of the …

The synchrony and diachrony of a scalar coordinator: Latin nedum ‘let alone’

This paper investigates the amphichronic semantics and pragmatics of the scalar coordinator nēdum, ‘let alone’. Synchronically, nēdum must be preceded by an assertion that is stronger than all other alternative propositions in the focus …